Recommendation data sheets (FS)

The recommendation data sheets for bottlers and their suppliers.

These data sheets provide fundamental information for bottlers, container manufacturers, and cappers. Experts share essential details to guide the various stages of the bottling process, including definitions, calculation methods, physical principles, certification, safety (complementary to our quality notebooks), and the promotion of a common language among stakeholders in the bottling project.

FS01.00 - Tip angle calculation

This data sheet provides the method to calculate the tip angle of a container made of glass.
01/01/1995 - Latest update 02/06/2023
FS02.00 - Impact testing of glass containers

The following recommendations should be taken into consideration if clients wish to deal with impact testing or if impact testing is included in a formal specification.
01/01/1995 - Latest update 01/01/1995
FS03.00 - Glass manufacturing controls for vacuum lug and press-on finishes

This fact sheet gives requirements and controls to be observed during glass manufacture to help ensure optimum performance of containers with Vacuum Lug and Press On closure systems. These are in addition to the dimensional and other requirements within existing national and international standards. These are essential for proper and effective sealing of containers with Vacuum Lug and Press On finishes.
01/11/2002 - Latest update 29/11/2017
FS04.00 - Internal pressure strength of carbonated beverage bottles

This data sheet gives guidance on the relationship between the internal pressure strength standards used for process control at the point of manufacture and the pressure strength standards applicable at the point of receipt of the bottles by the bottler and in the case of refillable bottles, the pressure strength standards which might be applicable to the pool of refillable bottles.
01/01/1998 - Latest update 26/07/2017
FS05.00 - Warehousing of filled glass containers

The following guidelines are essential for proper transport and storage of glass containers with vacuum lug finish and closure. Lack of adherence to these guidelines may result in loss of package integrity and stack stability.

01/01/1999 - Latest update 01/01/1999
FS06.00 - Conformity assessment/Certification

Requirements for conformity with Directive 94/62/EC.These are set down in Annex III - EC document 96/C 382/05.
01/01/2000 - Latest update 26/01/2024
FS07.00 - Design headspace recommendations for liquid products in bottles and jars

This document specifies design headspace recommendations for liquid products in glass containers. It does not concern containers for powders and tablets or flaconnage-type bottles. Note that for food products in wide-mouth containers with a vacuum seal closure, fill levels determine the level of vacuum obtained and are the responsibility of the filler and the cap supplier. The actual headspace achieved in the filled product is the responsibility of the filler. For general information on the physical principles governing headspace requirements, refer to Cetie FS15.00 - PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES FOR CONTAINERS FILLED WITH NON-CARBONATED PRODUCTS.
01/11/2002 - Latest update 15/10/2020
FS09.00 - Precise relationship between mass and capacity for a normal glass bottle

This data sheet is related to the precise relationship between mass and capacity for a normal glass bottle as defined in Cetie data sheet DT03.00 - DIMENSIONAL RELATIONSHIPS FOR A NORMAL GLASS BOTTLE. (Revision IV: 2016 - The data sheet DT03.00 has been removed at the request of Cetie's member glassmakers.)
01/08/2003 - Latest update 01/08/2003
FS10.00 - Headspace recommendations for some flaconnage products

This fact sheet specifies headspace recommendations for some flaconnage products.
The percentage values are given on the volume of the filled product.
01/01/2003 - Latest update 01/01/2003
FS11.00 - Recommendations of good practices for prevention and detection of critical hazards on bottling lines

01/04/2006 - Latest update 02/10/2023
FS12.00 - Traceability - Recommendations to bottlers and packers

This fact sheet has been set up by the Quality Committee of Cetie. Its objective is to help bottlers or packers to establish the traceability of packaging in the final product. These recommendations do not concern the liquid beverage, only the packaging and the bottling activity. The study is not intended for a specific type of business, it is a guide from which the user can take what suits his own needs. Traceability has a cost that increases proportionally to the precision sought from the system.
01/04/2006 - Latest update 01/04/2006
FS13.00 - Food safety management - Recommendations to implement a system of reference

This fact sheet has been set up by the Quality Committee of Cetie. It contains the main systems of reference and standards about safety and hygiene for foodstuffs which apply to the product, the packaging or both. Its objective is to help the bottling sector in its efforts to meet the market and customer requirements for safety. 
01/07/2007 - Latest update 01/07/2007
FS14.00 - Survey of critical hazards for the bottling industry - Detection and prevention

Critical defects are those defects that represent a safety hazard for the users of the product; bottling companies cannot accept knowingly to release critical defects in their finished product; therefore, either there exists an efficient way to prevent these defects, or the line should be equipped with suitable detecting devices, which must be reliable.
01/09/2010 - Latest update 01/09/2010
FS15.00 - Physical principles for containers filled with non-carbonated products

This fact sheet gives an overview of the physical principles which govern the behaviour of still liquids when bottled in rigid containers and the consequences in terms of head space requirements. It concerns in particular glass containers for which elastic deformation can be considered to be negligible, though some of the principles may also apply to other packaging types. Recommended head spaces for different categories of liquid in glass bottles are given in Cetie data sheet FS07.00 - DESIGN HEADSPACE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LIQUID PRODUCTS IN BOTTLES AND JARS.
09/12/2013 - Latest update 03/10/2023
FS15.01 - Use of glass bottles - Pressure generated by a liquid

This documents specifies the pressure a glass packaging container can withstand. It describes three types of pressures: generated – internal and over a long period.
26/02/2021 - Latest update
FS15.02 - Carbonation level, pressure and maximum temperature for specific products

This fact sheet gives information, in a table, on CO2 g/l, thermal treatment, maximum temperature and pressure for specific carbonated beverages.
14/09/2021 - Latest update
FS16.00 - Pressure resistance test procedures for products bottled with aluminium screw caps

This data sheet provides test methods that enable evaluating the level of sealing obtained with an aluminium screw cap applied on a filled glass bottle.
Different tests are proposed covering the various objectives for such a test, either for product development, for routine checks during filling operations or troubleshooting, etc.
These are:
  • Climatic simulation test (§ 3)
  • Bubble point test (§ 4)
  • Secure seal test (§ 5). This test applies to both aluminium screw caps and crown caps. For crown caps, refer to Chapter 6.3 in Guide N°4.
19/12/2013 - Latest update 26/10/2021
FS17.00 - Opening torque for ROPP aluminium closures - Test method

This document describes the test method for evaluating the opening torque for roll-on pilfer proof (ROPP) aluminium closures on glass bottles.
01/01/2013 - Latest update 10/11/2023
FS18.00 - Recommendations for index marks on pet bottle closures and neck finishes

This recommendation fact sheet provides a description of the different options when including Index Marks on closures and neck finishes, with the constraints and points to consider.
The Index Marks considered are geometrically defined features, either positive (e.g. lugs) or negative (e.g. slots). These marks are intended to enable non-destructive application angle measurement.
28/04/2014 - Latest update 09/02/2023
FS19.00 - Flaconnage - Wall thickness - Precaution for use

This fact sheet gives recommended minimum glass wall thickness values for flaconnage products. It also describes other factors that need to be taken into account in specifications for mechanical strength.
14/04/2014 - Latest update
FS20.00 - Appropriate specification, bottle quality control and application control of self-adhesive labelling

This data sheet provides recommendations for the application of self-adhesive labels on glass bottles. It covers specifications of supplies and conditions of application. For further information on pressure sensitive labels and their application, see Cetie GUIDELINES N° 2.01 - ÉTIQUETAGE AUTO-ADHÉSIF SUR RÉCIPIENTS EN VERRE
12/03/2015 - Latest update 01/02/2020
FS22.00 - Measurement of labelling surface flatness of glass bottles or jars

This document provides recommendations for checking the flatness of the labelling area on glass containers. It applies to cylindrical or conical labelling surfaces on the body or neck. Note that other factors affect the appearance of the applied labels, especially the glue used and the application system.
01/02/2016 - Latest update 09/04/2020
FS23.00 - Plastic closure ovality guidelines

This document provides best practice guidelines for taking flat-top plastic closures and sport closures for beverage applications ovality into account in the capping process, including both preventive measures to limit ovalisation during transport, storage and handling, and means to improve the capability of the capping equipment to accommodate ovalised closures.
22/01/2018 - Latest update 18/03/2022
FS24.00 - Glass flaconnage for pharmaceutical products - Recommendations for use of ISO 11418 parts 1,2,3 & 4

This document concerns the options which are to be selected by manufacturers and users from the following standards:
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 1: Drop-Dispensing glass bottles
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 2: Screw-neck glass bottles for syrups
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 3: Screw-neck glass bottles (Veral) for solid and liquid dosage forms
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 4: Tablet glass bottles
Recently published versions have increased the variants and options available, some of which should be identified at the outset of the design process. This would ensure consistency across production runs, suitability of the chosen closures and aid the retention of bore fitments if applicable.

This data sheet aims to guide users through the design options to be included in the quality specification documentation (“cahier des charges”) and on the drawing.
15/05/2018 - Latest update
FS25.00 - Pilfer proof finish - Definition and measurement of the neck finish height F

This data sheet explains how the “F” Dimension of a Pilfer Proof (PP) neck finish should be defined and measured. It specifies clearly how the reference points of the measurement are defined, knowing that the lower point is a virtual point, not a physical point at the surface of the finish.
This definition is applicable to MCA, BVP (EN 15543 - GLASS PACKAGING - FINISHES FOR BOTTLES - SCREW THREAD FINISHES FOR BOTTLES FOR NON-CARBONATED LIQUIDS) and BVS (EN 16293 - PACKAGING - GLASS PACKAGING - DEEP BVS FINISHES FOR STILL WINES) finishes, and generally to PP finishes, unless other clearly specified reference points are defined in the corresponding standards.
This document was established from the British Glass data sheet GF910.
29/07/2020 - Latest update 17/12/2020
FS26.00 - Vertical mould seams on glass neck finish

This document reviews the factors which can influence the removal of particles from a screw cap upon opening.
12/10/2021 - Latest update 13/01/2023
FS26.01 - Surface conditions for glass finishes with outside sealing

This document aims to identify the factors that may cause the sealing surface to become rough and other factors that may affect the good sealing of the glass container. It concerns closure systems that ensure the sealing on the top or on the side of the glass finish.
30/01/2023 - Latest update 22/01/2024
FS27.00 - Flaconnage decoration - Chinese new regulation CSAR

The CSAR regulation (Cosmetic Supervision and Administration Regulation), came into force in 2021 and is made of 80 articles with which cosmetic products must comply.
The main requirement of the CSAR regulation is to have legal text printed in Chinese on the container or a label stuck on the container.
The main issues are:
  • The dimension of the Chinese characters to make sure to print them clearly;
  • The control of the decorated bottles;
  • The level of defect that can be accepted.
Legal content :
  • Name of the product
  • Duration of use
05/01/2023 - Latest update
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