Fact sheets (FS)

Fundamentals for bottlers, container manufacturers and capping system manufacturers


Our experts bring to the attention of users of glass and PET packaging certain information that enables them to manage the various stages of the bottling process from start to finish.
  • Definitions, calculation methods and physical principles
  • Certification and safety (in addition to our quality manuals)
These sheets also contribute to the establishment of a common language between the stakeholders of the bottling project.
 

List of recommendation sheets (FS) accessible from the reserved access:

(Please note that some documents may not be available due to their possible revision or translation)


 
FS01.00 - TIP ANGLE

Scope
This data sheet provides the method to calculate the tip angle of a container made of glass.
01/01/1995 - Update 13/01/2021
FS02.00 - IMPACT TESTING OF GLASS CONTAINERS

01/01/1995 - Update 11/07/2018
FS03.00 - GLASS MANUFACTURING CONTROLS FOR VACUUM LUG AND PRESS-ON FINISHES

Scope
This fact sheet gives requirements and controls to be observed during glass manufacture to help ensure optimum performance of containers with Vacuum Lug and Press On closure systems. These are in addition to the dimensional and other requirements within existing national and international standards. These are essential for proper and effective sealing of containers with Vacuum Lug and Press On finishes.
01/11/2002 - Update 11/06/2020
FS04.00 - INTERNAL PRESSURE STRENGTH OF CARBONATED BEVERAGE BOTTLES

Scope
This data sheet gives guidance on the relationship between the internal pressure strength standards used for process control at the point of manufacture and the pressure strength standards applicable at the point of receipt of the bottles by the bottler and in the case of refillable bottles, the pressure strength standards which might be applicable to the pool of refillable bottles.
01/01/1998 - Update 07/09/2018
FS05.00 - WAREHOUSING OF FILLED GLASS CONTAINERS

Scope
The following guidelines are essential for proper storage of filled glass containers.

01/01/1999 - Update 08/02/2021
FS06.00 - CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT/CERTIFICATION

Scope
Requirements for conformity with Directive 94/62/EC.These are set down in Annex III - EC document 96/C 382/05.
01/01/2000 - Update 11/07/2018
FS07.00 - DESIGN HEADSPACE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LIQUID PRODUCTS IN BOTTLES AND JARS

Scope
This document specifies design headspace recommendations for liquid products in glass containers. It does not concern containers for powders and tablets or flaconnage type bottles. Note that for food products in wide mouth containers with a vacuum seal closure, fill levels determine the level of vacuum obtained and are the responsibility of the filler and the cap supplier. The actual headspace achieved in the filled product is the responsibility of the filler.For general information on the physical principles governing headspace requirements, refer to Cetie FS 15.00, (under review while publishing the FS07.00).
01/11/2002 - Update 10/06/2021
FS09.00 - PRECISE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MASS AND CAPACITY FOR A NORMAL GLASS BOTTLE

Scope
This data sheet is related to the precise relationship between mass and capacity for a normal glass bottle as defined in Cetie data sheet DT03.
01/08/2003 - Update 30/08/2021
FS10.00 - HEADSPACE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SOME FLACONNAGE PRODUCTS

Scope
This fact sheet specifies headspace recommendations for some flaconnage products. The percentage values are given on the volume of filled product.
01/01/2003 - Update 17/02/2021
FS11.00 - RECOMMENDATIONS OF GOOD PRACTICES FOR PREVENTION AND DETECTION OF CRITICAL HAZARDS ON BOTTLING LINES

01/04/2006 - Update 05/02/2021
FS12.00 - TRACEABILITY - RECOMMENDATIONS TO BOTTLERS AND PACKERS

Scope
This fact sheet has been set up by the Quality Committee of CETIE. Its objective is to help bottlers or packers to establish the traceability of packaging in the final product. These recommendations do not concern the liquid beverage, only the packaging and the bottling activity. The study is not intended for a specific type of business, it is a guide from which the user can take what suits his own needs. Traceability has a cost that increases proportionally to the precision sought from the system.
01/04/2006 - Update 17/02/2021
FS13.00 - FOOD SAFETY MANAGEMENT - RECOMMENDATIONS TO IMPLEMENT A SYSTEM OF REFERENCE

Scope
This fact sheet has been set up by the Quality Committee of CETIE. It contains the main systems of reference and standards about safety and hygiene for foodstuffs which apply to the product, the packaging or both. Its objective is to help the bottling sector in its efforts to meet the market and customer requirements for safety. 
01/07/2007 - Update 11/07/2018
FS14.00 - SURVEY OF CRITICAL HAZARDS FOR THE BOTTLING INDUSTRY - DETECTION AND PREVENTION

Scope
The objective of the working group was to create a set of “official” recommendations for the prevention and detection of critical hazards. Critical defects are those defects that represent a safety hazard for the users of the product; bottling companies cannot accept knowingly to release critical defects in their finished product; therefore, either there exists an efficient way to prevent these defects, or the line should be equipped with suitable detecting devices, which must be reliable.
01/09/2010 - Update 11/07/2018
FS15.00 - BOTTLING OF FOOD STILL LIQUIDS - PHYSICAL PRINCIPLES

Scope
This fact sheet gives an overview on the physical principles which govern the behaviour of still liquids when bottled in rigid containers, and the consequences in terms of head space requirements. It concerns in particular glass containers for which elastic deformation can be considered to be negligible, though some of the principles may also apply to other packaging types. Recommended head spaces for different categories of liquid in glass bottles are given in Cetie document FS07.
09/12/2013 - Update 09/10/2019
FS16.00 - PRESSURE RESISTANCE TEST PROCEDURES FOR PRODUCTS BOTTLED WITH ALUMINIUM SCREW CAPS

Scope 
This fact sheet provides test methods which enable evaluating of the level of sealing obtained with an aluminium screw cap applied on a filled glass bottle. Different tests are proposed covering the various objectives for such a test, either for product development, for routine checks during filling operations or for troubleshooting, etc. These are:
  • Climatic simulation test (§ 3)
  • Bubble point test (§ 4)
  • Secure seal test (§ 5)
19/12/2013 - Update 27/07/2020
FS17.00 - BOTTLING OF STILL LIQUIDS: CHECKING CRIMPING HEIGHT AND LINER COMPRESSION TEST METHODS

Scope
This sheet specifies the required capping and crimping recommendation levels to obtain an optimal capping according to the technical recommendations from the Cetie EC4 data sheets and the guide N°6.
01/01/2013 - Update 10/06/2021
FS18.00 - PET BOTTLE - CAPS AND NECKS - INDEX MARKS

Scope
This recommendation fact sheet provides the description of the different options when including Index Marks on closures and neck finishes, with the constraints and points to consider.
The Index Marks considered are geometrically defined features, either positive (e.g. lugs) or negative (e.g. slots). These marks are intended to enable non-destructive application angle measurement.
 
28/04/2014 - Update 11/07/2018
FS19.00 - FLACONNAGE - WALL THICKNESS - PRECAUTION FOR USE

Scope
This fact sheet gives recommended minimum glass wall thickness values for flaconnage products. It also describes other factors that need to be taken into account in specifications for mechanical strength.
14/04/2014 - Update 11/07/2018
FS20.00 - APPROPRIATE SPECIFICATION, BOTTLE QUALITY CONTROL AND APPLICATION CONTROL OF SELF-ADHESIVE LABELLING

Scope
This data sheet provides recommendations for the application of self-adhesive labels on glass bottles. It covers specifications of supplies and conditions of application. For further information on pressure sensitive labels and their application, see Cetie guide G0C “Pressure sensitive labelling on glass bottles and jars”.
12/03/2015 - Update 15/09/2021
FS22.00 - MEASUREMENT OF LABELLING SURFACE FLATNESS OF GLASS BOTTLES OR JARS

Scope
This document provides recommendations for checking the flatness of the labelling area on glass containers. It applies to cylindrical or conical labelling surfaces on the body or neck.
 
Note that other factors affect the appearance of the applied labels, especially the glue used and the application system.
 
01/02/2016 - Update 15/09/2021
FS23.00 - PLASTIC CAP OVALITY

Scope
This document applies to plastic caps only and provides best practice guidelines for taking cap ovality into account during all phases of cap life: manufacturing, storing, transporting and capping process. It includes both preventive measures to limit ovalisation during and after manufacturing, and means to improve the capacity of the capping equipment to accommodate ovalised caps.
 
22/01/2018 - Update 08/03/2021
FS24.00 - GLASS FLACONNAGE FOR PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS - RECOMMENDATIONS FOR USE OF ISO 11418 PARTS 1,2,3 & 4

Scope
This document concerns the options which are to be selected by manufacturers and users from the following standards:
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 1: Drop-Dispensing glass bottles
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 2: Screw-neck glass bottles for syrups
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 3: Screw-neck glass bottles (Veral) for solid and liquid dosage forms
  • ISO 11418 - Containers and accessories for pharmaceutical preparations - Part 4: Tablet glass bottles
Recently published versions have increased the variants and options available, some of which should be identified at the outset of the design process. This would ensure consistency across production runs, suitability of the chosen closures and aid the retention of bore fitments if applicable.

This data sheet aims to guide users through the design options to be included in the quality specification documentation (“cahier des charges”) and on the drawing.
15/05/2018 - Update 11/07/2018
FS25.00 - PILFER PROOF FINISH - DEFINITION AND MEASUREMENT OF THE NECK FINISH HEIGHT F

Scope
This data sheet explains how the “F” Dimension of a Pilfer Proof (PP) neck finish should be defined and measured. It specifies clearly how the reference points of the measurement are defined, knowing that the lower point is a virtual point, not a physical point at the surface of the finish.
This definition is applicable to MCA, BVP (EN15543) and BVS (EN16293) finishes, and generally to PP finishes, unless other clearly specified reference points are defined in the corresponding standards.

This document was established from the British Glass Data sheet GF910.

 
29/07/2020 - Update 17/12/2020
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